Any substance or substances used in treating disease or illness; medicament; remedy. Separation of prescribing and dispensing is a practice in medicine and pharmacy in which the physician who provides a medical prescription is independent from the pharmacist who provides the prescription drug In the Western world there are centuries of tradition for separating pharmacists from physicians.
As science and technology developed, medicine became more reliant upon medications.Throughout history and in Europe right until the late 18th century,not only animal and plant products were used as medicine , but also human body parts and fluids.Pharmacology developed from herbalism and many drugs are still derived from plants (atropine,ephedrine,warfarin,aspirin,digoxin, vinca alkaloids,taxol,hyoscine,etc.).Vaccines were discovered by Edward Jenner and Louis Pasteur.
With the Class of 2020, IU School of Medicine launched a new medical education curriculum that better reflects the modern U.S. healthcare environment and delivery models, readying students to practice medicine in a team-based, interdisciplinary setting.
Training in internal medicine (as opposed to surgical training),varies considerably across the world: see the articles on Medical education and Physician for more North America,it requires at least three years of residency training after medical school,which can then be followed by a one to three year fellowship in the subspecialties listed above.
But that’s not what medicine is about, it’s about rote learning and never asking why, it’s about blindly applying what you’ve been taught to patients (peoples lives) without ever questioning what you’re doing, it’s about ego’s and competition and status; it is certainly not about HEALTH.